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Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric Neurology at NYU Winthrop Hospital

From early detection to advanced treatment, our pediatric neurologists provide the full range of expert care for children

At NYU Winthrop Hospital, our compassionate team of pediatric neurologists is renowned for its tradition of caring for children, from premature infants to growing children and adolescents. Our pediatric neurology specialists are skilled at diagnosing, treating and managing children with a range of neurological issues, including epilepsy, brain tumors, muscular dystrophy and other neuromuscular disorders, Bell’s Palsy and other conditions.

With a keen focus on meeting each patient — and their family’s — individual needs for care and support, our goal is long-term management and treatment of the often chronic pediatric neurology conditions.

Our Comprehensive Pediatric Neurology Services Include:

Neurodevelopmental Screening & Early Intervention

Premature newborns sometimes suffer from neurological or other deficits. These NICU “graduates” are seen on a regular basis in order to ensure early detection of potential developmental lags. A coordinated team of pediatric neurologists, neonatologists, developmental pediatricians and physical therapists performs comprehensive neurodevelopmental evaluations. If developmental delays are detected, arrangements are made to provide appropriate therapy in a variety of settings, including the home, community-based early childhood centers or within the local school system. In addition, every newborn at NYU Winthrop undergoes hearing screening. Early detection of hearing impairment provides the opportunity for early intervention in order to prevent associated language and speech delay.

Diagnosis, Evaluation & Treatment of Seizure Disorders

Determining the precise origin of seizures is crucial to prescribing appropriate treatment for children. Our pediatric neurologists have access to the most up-to-date diagnostic techniques to isolate the cause of seizure disorders, enabling the most effective medical and/or surgical treatments. Thanks to newer generations of medications, there are now many more options for medical management of seizures with fewer side effects. Children who are not well managed with medication may be candidates for surgical treatments, including resection of seizure focus and/or implantation of a vagus nerve stimulator (to complement or replace medication in the control and prevention of seizures).

Evaluation, Diagnosis & Treatment of Attention Disorders & Learning Disabilities

The pediatric neurologists at NYU Winthrop Hospital are part of a multidisciplinary team that provides comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis of children with learning disabilities and attention disorders, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A team approach is emphasized, with close collaboration between pediatric neurologists, teachers and school personnel, behavioral psychologists, and, of course, the family. Recommendations may include counseling, educational assistance, psychological support and medication when appropriate. The ultimate goal is to enable each child in our care to achieve his or her fullest potential.

Treatment of Hydrocephalus & Other Central Nervous System Anomalies

Hydrocephalus, an excessive build-up of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain, can occur in premature or full-term babies. Babies with hydrocephalus, as well as those with general disorders of the central nervous system, are evaluated and treated by pediatric neurologists and geneticists. At NYU Winthrop Hospital, hydrocephalus may be treated with sophisticated endoscopic equipment to assess the cause of the condition and create a pathway (endoscopic third ventriculostomy) to relieve the fluid accumulation, often minimizing the need for a shunt.

Care for Children with Chronic Headaches

Headaches and migraines, common in adults, can affect up to 5% of children, as well. Although more often seen in adolescents, and in girls more than boys, headaches can occur in young children and toddlers. The primary categories are migraines and chronic, recurrent headaches. Headaches in children are rarely linked to more serious underlying conditions. New medications that specifically target migraine pain can be effective in headache management. Preventive medications and techniques can bring relief.

Chief of Pediatric Neurology

Vijaya Atluru, MD
Chief, Division of Pediatric Neurology